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Wednesday, July 22, 2020 | History

2 edition of Conventional forces and the NATO strategy of flexible response found in the catalog.

Conventional forces and the NATO strategy of flexible response

Roger L. L. Facer

Conventional forces and the NATO strategy of flexible response

issues and approaches

by Roger L. L. Facer

  • 255 Want to read
  • 5 Currently reading

Published by Rand in Santa Monica, CA .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization,
  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization -- Armed Forces,
  • Warfare, Conventional,
  • Nuclear warfare

  • Edition Notes

    Other titlesFlexible response.
    StatementRoger L. L. Facer.
    SeriesA Series in international security and arms control
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsUA646.3 .F33 1984
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxii, 109 p. ;
    Number of Pages109
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL2863346M
    ISBN 100833006231
    LC Control Number84026253

    Flexible Response. The doctrine of “flexible response” was a not entirely successful attempt to “square the circle” of nuclear weapons strategy by suggesting ways in which nuclear weapons could be used, together with conventional weapons, in battle without invoking nuclear Armageddon. Though it remains a part of official U.S. policy in the s, it has been eclipsed by increasing. NATO tactical air forces – both employing new, and improved, and precision-guided conventional munitions – will be used against vulnerable Soviet rear area chokepoints, lines of communications, command posts, and particularly advancing second- and third-echelon forces coming up to support and pass through the first echelon.

      Washington, D.C., – The release of Cold War-era Soviet and East European documents on war plans and nuclear planning raises questions about U.S. war planning during the same period. A central issue is the degree to which U.S. and NATO planning posited early or initial use of nuclear weapons like the Warsaw Pact plan from the Czech archives. Roger L. Facer, Conventional Forces and the NATO Strategy of Flexible Response: Issues and Approaches (Santa Monica, CA: The Rand Corporation, ), RFF. Google Scholar Author: Leon Sloss.

    With the signing of the intermediate-range nuclear forces (INF) treaty in December , a chapter in NATO history came to an end. This agreement eliminated an entire class of nuclear weapons from Europe. This volume analyzes the possible repercussions of the INF treaty in the context of NATO's overall doctrine of flexible response, and concludes that the U.S. and NATO must adopt arms and . The Sharpening Soviet Military Debate on Forces for theQ's. Summary. Soviet military leaders have been engaged for several yearsebate over military strategy and force structure. The controversy has sharpened over the past year on questions of strategic offensive force levels, the ABM issue, and the need for more flexible conventional forces.


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Conventional forces and the NATO strategy of flexible response by Roger L. L. Facer Download PDF EPUB FB2

Conventional Forces and the NATO Strategy of Flexible Response. Issues and Approaches. The credibility of the current NATO strategy of flexible response is being questioned.

It is widely felt that NATO should strengthen its conventional force capability in order to raise the nuclear threshold. New developments in technology appear to offer. "The strategy set out in MC 14/3 seeks to deter aggression by the maintenance of conventional, theater nuclear, and strategic nuclear forces that would enable the Alliance to respond to any attack.

Flexible Response, also called Flexible Deterrent Options (FDO), U.S. defense strategy in which a wide range of diplomatic, political, economic, and military options are used to deter an enemy attack.

The term flexible response first appeared in U.S. General Maxwell D. Taylor’s book The Uncertain Trumpet (), which sharply criticized U.S. national security policy.

NATO's fourth Strategic Concept and the doctrine of flexible response. NATO's fourth Strategic Concept – Overall Strategic Concept for the Defence of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization Area (MC 14/3) – was adopted by the Defence Planning Committee (DPC) on 12 December and the final version issued on 16 January Additional Physical Format: Online version: Facer, Roger L.L., Conventional forces and the NATO strategy of flexible response.

Santa Monica, Calif.: Rand, []. This chapter examines the background to the formal adoption by NATO in of the revised nuclear strategy of ‘flexible response’.

By the early s, the security guarantee provided to NATO members by the United States had been undermined as the Soviet Union achieved nuclear parity and by the demand that its European allies strengthen their conventional forces assigned to NATO.

NATO: Conventional Deterrence Is the New Black By Henrik Ø. Breitenbauch. After Ukraine, conventional deterrence will be the main purpose of NATO’s armed forces.

NATO contingency planning, operational training and defence planning will all revolve around conventional deterrence. Conventional Forces and the NATO Strategy of Flexible Response: Issues and Approaches (Rand Report) [Roger L. Facer] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

tactical, and conventional levels, emphasized multiple options supposed to enhance credibility of deterrence threat. This strategy effectively remained in use throughout the remainder of the Cold War. Flexible Response Flexible Response emphasized mutual deterrence at all levels of nuclear forces; that is both strategic and Size: KB.

In the late s, defense chiefs of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) became troubled by the shifting balance in conventional-defense capabilities.

While the Warsaw Pact has held a quantitative advantage in conventional forces, NATO's qualitative edge, coupled with a flexible response strategy of nuclear escalation, provided the. @article{osti_, title = {INF (Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces) Treaty and flexible response.

Research report}, author = {Lewis, J W}, abstractNote = {This paper examines how the Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty affects NATO's military strategy of flexible response. A discussion of flexible response strategy is provided as background for the reader. The INF Treaty and its aftermath have not simply returned NATO to a world without ground-launched cruise missiles (GLCMs), Pershing II, and the SS, but have crystallized and reinforced long-standing questions about the credibility of NATO's strategy of flexible response, the appropriate role of theater nuclear weapons in the future, and the.

NATO's Defence Planning Committee decides to adopt a revised strategic concept to replace the massive retaliation doctrine. The new strategy, flexible response, is based on a balanced range of responses involving the use of conventional as well as nuclear weapons.

BACKGROUND: NATO STRATEGY AND THE THREAT TO THE CENTRAL REGION NATO’s Flexible Response strategy, adopted inrests on conventional, theater nuclear, and strategic nuclear forces. It is a strategy for deter-rence based on the idea that: The price of an attack on Western Europe must remain the possibility of triggering an incalcula.

unique connection between conventional forces and the crisis over the sta-tus of Berlin. The third section examines the relationship between flexible response, US conventional forces in Europe, and German nuclear politics during the Johnson administration.

The strategy of flexible response presupposed the capability to wage. BACKGROUND: NATO STRATEGY AND THE THREAT TO THE CENTRAL REGION. NATO's Flexible Response strategy, adopted inrests on conventional, theater nuclear, and strategic nuclear forces.

It is a strategy for deter rence based on the idea that: The price of an attack on Western Europe must remain the possibility of triggering an incalcula.

nato strategy and nuclear defense Download nato strategy and nuclear defense or read online books in PDF, EPUB, Tuebl, and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to get nato strategy and nuclear defense book now. This site is like a library, Use search box in. In the late s, defense chiefs of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) became troubled by the shifting balance in conventional-defense capabilities.

While the Warsaw Pact has held a quantitative advantage in conventional forces, NATO's qualitative edge, coupled with a flexible response. Sixteen DPMs appeared between and on such topics as strategic offensive and defensive forces, NATO strategy and force structure, military assistance, and tactical air forces.

OSD sent the DPMs to the services and the JCS for comment; in making decisions, McNamara included in the DPM a statement of alternative approaches, force levels. For the strategy to remain effective however, NATO needs to improve its conventional forces so that together with Allied nuclear capabilities they form a strong de- terrent The prospects for a.

effort to alter NATO's military strategy in the direction of flexible response and stronger conventional forces in Central Europe. This effort was launched by the Kennedy administration in and carried forth by the Johnson administration in Along the way the United States consistently found itself confronting the.This shift in strategy, which had been debated by NATO for several years, was necessitated by the massive buildup of Soviet strategic forces, vitiating the earlier American strategy of ‘‘massive retaliation,’’ which saw NATO conventional forces as a tripwire for the use of theatre and strategic weapons against the USSR and the Warsaw.Over the decades, Quick Reaction Alert forces supported shifting concepts of NATO strategy from the forward strategy of the early s to flexible response of the s.

“Theater nuclear forces fill what would otherwise be a critical gap between strategic deterrent and conventional forces,” noted USAF Col. David L. Nichols in a